Hamilton argues the advantages of the indirect electoral process described in Article II Section 1 of the Constitution, although in the case of a tied vote in the Electoral College , the House of Representatives was to make the choice. The number of electors in each state is the sum of its.S. No senator, representative, or other person holding a place of trust or profit under the United States, can be of the numbers of the electors. On the Electoral College, the Federal Farmer accepts the concept of the Electoral College, finding that "The election of this officer (the vice president as well as of the President of the United States seems to be properly secured." The. From the New York Packet. How could they better gratify this, than by raising a creature of their own to the chief magistracy of the Union? Talents for low intrigue, and the little arts of popularity, may alone suffice to elevate a man to the first honors in a single State; but it will require other talents, and a different kind of merit,. Another factor here was the so-called Three-Fifths Compromise, which gave added power to the slave-holding states under the Electoral College which they would not have had under any likely form of popular vote.
Office of the Federal Register,.S. No individuals who have "too great devotion of the President in office" No individuals who currently hold elected positions within the government may serve as electors. Federalist, paper by Alexander Hamilton, alexander Hamilton, author of, federalist. It was also peculiarly desirable to afford as little opportunity as possible to tumult and disorder. 68 describes a perspective on the process of selecting the. The Federalist Papers :. The Complete Anti- Federalist.
Further reading edit Madison, James. Citizens go to the polls to elect a president, they are in fact voting for a particular slate of federalist papers on the electoral college electors. Heidenreich,., "Conspiracy Politics in the Election of 1796" New York History 92#3 (2011) pp 151-165 online. It is probably written. Please take a moment and consider sharing this article with your friends and family. 1, vide federal farmer. First, he recognized, the "sense of the people should operate in the choice and would through the election of the electors to the Electoral College. That flaw was soon fixed by a 12th Amendment to the US Constitution. A candidate must receive a majority of electoral votes to be elected president. National Archives and Records Administration Web site, FAQ, 11 Feb. 3 A flaw was discovered in 1800 when Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr both got the same number of electoral votes, although Jefferson was the intended candidate. 68 edit The Anti- Federalist Papers edit In Anti- Federalist Papers 72, the anonymous Democratic-Republican Party writer argues that the issues with the Electoral College deal with the ability of electors, rather than the people, to elect the president.
Maine and Nebraska, the candidate who wins the most votes (that is, a plurality) in the state receives all of the states electoral votes. Selection of the Vice-President edit Hamilton notes that the selection of the vice president should follow the same form as that of the president, through selection by the Electoral College, though the Senate is to deal with. Bennett : I guess the Democrats might want to get rid of the Constitution next, might as well given their point of view. But the precautions which have been so happily concerted in the system under consideration, promise an effectual security against this mischief. 68 outlined edit Hamilton's understanding of the Electoral College edit Federalist. It has been alleged, that it would have been preferable to have authorized the Senate to elect out of their own body an officer answering that description. That is a civics lesson that every Democrat politician and voter in America needs to see, right away!
One is, that to secure at all times the possibility of a definite resolution of the body, it is necessary that the President should have only a casting vote. James Madison worried about what he called factions, which he defined as groups of citizens federalist papers on the electoral college who have a common interest in some proposal that would either violate the rights of other citizens or would harm the nation as a whole. The point of the. The reason that the Constitution calls for this extra layer, rather than just providing for the direct election of the president, is that most of the nations founders were actually rather afraid of democracy. Notes in the Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787. Different plans were proposed, including: "The Virginia Plan proposed by Governor. Nor would it be found easy suddenly to embark them, dispersed as they would be over thirteen States, in any combinations founded upon motives, which though they could not properly be denominated corrupt, might yet be of a nature to mislead them from their duty. This end will be answered by committing the right of making it, not to any preestablished body, but to men chosen by the people for the special purpose, and at the particular conjuncture. The business of corruption, when it is to embrace so considerable a number of men, requires time as well as means.
Bennett : The bigger states with population and, it certainly would and what the president is saying is right. The popular vote was won by Hillary Clinton but almost all of that margin was in the state of California. 68 is the continuation of Alexander Hamilton's analysis of the presidency, in this case concerning the method of electing the president. The other consideration is, that as the Vice-President may occasionally become a substitute for the President, in the supreme executive magistracy, all the reasons which recommend the mode of election prescribed for the one, apply with great. Miller, "Why the Electoral College is good for political science (and public choice)." Public Choice 150.1-2 (2012 1-25.
Storing, Herbert., with Murray Dry. It will not be too strong to say, that there will be a constant probability of seeing the station filled by characters pre-eminent for ability and virtue. When you share to your friends, however, you greatly help distribute our content. It was desirable that the sense of the people should operate in the choice of the person to whom so important a trust was to be confided. Another and no less important desideratum was, that the Executive should be independent for his continuance in office on all but the people themselves.
Senators were initially to federalist papers on the electoral college be appointed by state legislatures, and states were permitted to ban women from voting entirely. These calls to abolish the electoral college, you just heard Elizabeth Warren making that call. Electoral, college : Partial transcript : Scott : So what you think about this? Senators and its.S. The winner-take-all system is not federally mandated; states are free to allocate their electoral votes as they wish. Why does the United States have.
Hamilton, to the People of the State of New York: THE mode of appointment of the Chief Magistrate of the United States is almost the only part of the system, of any consequence, which has escaped without severe censure. By 1796, the Federalists and Republicans were rapidly being organized- with leadership provided by Hamilton and Madison- making the electoral college a minor adjunct of little importance. Hamilton expressed confidence that: It will not be too strong to say, that there will be a constant probability of seeing the station filled by characters pre-eminent for ability and virtue. 4, which claimed that "The establishment of a vice-president is as unnecessary as it is dangerous for them to preside in the senate". The Electoral College was not the only Constitutional limitation on direct democracy, though we have discarded most of those limitations. But as a majority of the votes might not always happen to centre in one man, and as it might be unsafe to permit less than a majority to be conclusive, it is provided that, in such a contingency. We have a Lieutenant-Governor, chosen by the people at large, who presides in the Senate, and is the constitutional substitute for the Governor, in casualties similar to those which would authorize the Vice-President to exercise the authorities and discharge the duties of the President. He might otherwise be tempted to sacrifice his duty to his complaisance for those whose favor was necessary to the duration of his official consequence. Edmund Randolph of Virginia (or possibly, james Madison it called for the selection of the Executive by the National Legislature. Also, a successful candidate for the office of president would have to have the distinguished qualities to appeal to electors from many states, not just one or a few states: Talents for low intrigue, and the little arts. Not only do those population centers not represent all the people in the United States, their interest, financial, economic, cultural are different from the interests of people across the land.
But the convention have guarded against all danger of this sort, with the most provident and judicious attention. Joe Miller Hamilton, Alexander. "Proslavery origins of the Electoral federalist papers on the electoral college College ". A small number of persons, selected by their fellow-citizens from the general mass, will be most likely to possess the information and discernment requisite to such complicated investigations. Scott : Wouldnt give the bigger estates in the Californias of the world a lot more say, a lot more sway in presidential elections? First, since he only has one vote, he is equal to his substituents.
Ill stick with the Founders over Elizabeth Warren. Facebook has greatly reduced the distribution of our stories in our readers' newsfeeds and is instead promoting mainstream media sources. Accessed at the University of Virginia Department of American Studies Web site. The Vice-President is to be chosen in the same manner with the President; with this difference, that the Senate is to do, in respect to the former, what is to be done by the House of Representatives, in respect to the latter. It was equally desirable, that the immediate election should be made by men most capable of analyzing the qualities adapted to the station, and acting under circumstances favorable to deliberation, and to a judicious combination of all the reasons. The choice of several, to form an intermediate body of electors, will be much less apt to convulse the community with any extraordinary or violent movements, than the choice of ONE who was himself to be the final object of the public wishes. (The District of Columbia has three electoral votes, which is the number of senators federalist papers on the electoral college and representatives it would have if it were permitted representation in Congress.) The electors meet in their respective states 41 days after the popular election. 68 edit "The most plausible of these, who appear in print" references the work of the Federal Farmer (likely Richard Henry Lee ). Hamilton viewed the system as superior to direct popular election. You do your campaign through New York City and Los Angeles on the right and thats not a representation of what the country is or representation of what the countrys interest. 136 The following works referenced came from Charles Kesler's notes in Rossiter, Clinton.
Most electors are loyal members of the party that has selected them, and in 26 states, plus Washington,.C., electors are bound by laws or party pledges to federalist papers on the electoral college vote in accord with the popular vote. James Roger Sharp, The Deadlocked Election of 1800: Jefferson, Burr, and the Union in the Balance (2010) Nicholas. 2008 Lillian Goldman Law Library 127 Wall Street, New Haven, CT 06511. But that is less a product of the. "Article 2, Section 1, Clause 1". Slaves got an even worse deal, as a slave officially was counted as just three-fifths of a person. Reactions to Federalist.
Their votes, thus given, are to be transmitted to the seat of the national government, and the person who may happen to have a majority of the whole number of votes will be the President. In every state but. Madison has a solution for tyranny of the majority: A republic, by which I mean a government in which the scheme of representation takes place, opens a different prospect, and promises the cure for which we are seeking. Also, should the president die, the vice president will know the concerns of the Congress and president, and as such be better prepared than anyone else to take the position. But when Tocqueville wrote his great book Democracy in America he explained that France is governed by this large entity called Paris and its the head of the spider and the other parts are the thin legs. 2 Political parties edit Hamilton, James Madison and the other designers of the electoral college never expected the emergence of organized political parties would choose their candidates in competition with each other. The Mode of Electing the President. Interests of slave-holding states edit, the interests of slave-holding states may have influenced the choice of the Electoral College as the mode of electing the president. Rules on the Electors edit Hamilton lists specific rules for the electors, which include: The electors meet only within their own specific states to select the president. Federalist Papers 72, the anonymous Democratic-Republican Party writer argues that the issues with the.