What will my teacher say?" In other words, try to pre-grade your essay and then revise it in light of your own comments. Express it in one or two sentences , preferably at the beginning of your paper. And, most importantly, be sure that your essay addresses the assigned topic. The proofreading also looks into sentence structure and whether the dictums on the English language are adequately followed in the essay. After all, it is your paper. Further to this, the essay should provide a clear argument for the claim that is presented in the thesis statement. The title choice should be reflective of the content. Consider: (a) The theory of forms that Plato expounds should be rejected. There should be a logical progression of ideas - one that will be easy for the reader to follow.
Sources for essay choice Ideas for the philosophical essay can be sourced from a number of sources. Ask yourself, "Would this paper be intelligible to someone outside of the course?" Keep clarifying what you've written until the answer is "yes.". (b) is grammatical, but gender-exclusive. Do You Have to Be Responsible In Order to Acquire Wealth? There is no excuse for "existance" appearing in any philosophy essay. Cut to the chase. Consider: Berkeley ponders the truth of both his mind and the environment. Then on your bibliographical page, since this is the second citation (alphabetically by author of the article) from Beauchamp and Bowie you would have: Nagel, Thomas, "A Defense of Affirmative Action as it appears in Beauchamp and Bowie,.
Is the Simplest Explanation the Best One? Every word that is not needed only clutters. Could There Ever Be a Perfect World? What is philosophical writing? You must demonstrate these sorts of things, and in a fashion that does not presuppose that your position is correct. Summarize your overall argument, even if you philosphu essay outine don't include the summary in your essay. Philosophy is one content area that leaves plenty of space for exploration.
To find these professional writers, you have a few options. Reason/Argument 1 supporting your position. It is common to overestimate the strength of your own position. Should Someone Have the Right to Die by Suicide? (d) One should proofread one's writing. They can then write a sample paper for you, which you can keep as a reference when you write your own paper. It is difficult to overemphasize this point. For example, if you had two bibliographical references to works by Sissela Bok, you would cite the one above like this: (Bok 1978, 23).
Although this point seems obvious, consider the following sentence, which I once received in a student's paper: Aquinas believed that God was omnipotent as Lao Tzu believed that the Tao was omnipotent as Aristotle believed that his Unmoved. Ethical Theory and Business, 5th edition, Tom. Is Love a Positive Word? And then you conclude in another paragraph that summarizes the three points you made. This part should introduce the topics for philosophy essay in general terms. Don't be afraid of the first person. Moreover, stay away from "feel" in philosophical writing. How to write a philosophical essay. For better or for worse, your paper is all that is available. (c) Everyone should proofread his or her writing. Go directly to your topic. There is much more that could be said about clear writing. Writinhilosophical essay, general guidelines.
Take pride. It should give the reader a general understanding of what the essay is all about and how to write a philosophy essay. In particular, do not close by saying that philosophers have been divided over this issue for as long as humans have been keeping record and you cannot be expected to resolve the dispute in a few short pages. This will give you an even philosphu essay outine greater understanding of the philosophical concepts and what they mean. A reader is unwilling to accept arguments propagated, where the writer is careless enough to allow grammatical mistakes to continue uncorrected. Go out on a limb. you ask, and rightly. Make the paragraph the unit of composition. After that, have someone else read your paper. It does not present the latest findings of tests or experiments. Books don't believe in positions, their authors. Moreover, the fact that the masculine pronoun always precedes the feminine pronoun makes it sound like an afterthought. Do People Simply Do What They Want To?
Bad: Just what is Descartes smoking here? For philosphu essay outine an essay to be considered a philosophical essay, it must have a basic claim and there must be an attempt to defend the argument or thesis advanced. Never turn in a first draft! Ixnay on the colloquialisms; they just don't cut it in philosophical writing. It follows the structure below: Authors last name, First Name. Consider the following sentences: (a) Everyone should proofread their writing. Another common mistake is to think that your case will be stronger if you mention, even if briefly, virtually every argument that you have come across in support of your position. Feminist philosophy, digital philosophy, greek philosophy, hindu philosophy. Keep a hard copy of all work handed. Some philosophy essay tips note the importance of ensuring that the essay is written in a clear prose. It will also help to give your paper focus. Clear sentences do not just happen. Don't be afraid of massive revision.
It enables the writer to set up the paper in preparation for the main argument. Then if you cite another article from Beauchamp and Bowie, say Nagel on affirmative action, your citation in the text might look like: As Nagel says, "Affirmative action is not an end in itself, but a means of philosphu essay outine dealing. It simply will not do to have a rough idea of what you want to establish. Thesis Statement, the thesis is the statement that summarizes the claim presented in the paper. Such mistakes reduce the opinion of a philosophical essay in the eyes of a reader. As it turns out, a mazurka is a Polish folk dance. Another good book, more general in scope, is William Zinsser's, On Writing Well.
Is Morality Subjective or Objective? It must stand on its own. What Is the Purpose of Consciousness? (If you think they are, then you have not understood them.) Name calling is inappropriate and could never substitute for careful argumentation anyway. Is Knowledge a Result of Learning or Experience? Could You Justify Murder? Make sure its relevant to your audience or to current issues. Every paragraph should be directly related to your thesis and should follow the road map put forth in your thesis. Can Beauty Truly Be Found Within? Things that are considered "common knowledge" do not need to be cited. Here is another example that might appear on your bibliographical page: Gutek, Barbara.
It would thus not make sense to adopt an obvious topic, where the writer is incapable of determining the topic for philosophy essay help should be sort. "Minds" and "environments" cannot be true or false; propositions about them can. He protested Bush's election for taking a strong stand on abortion. The thesis statement should be extremely concise and clear. If possible, it is a better idea to have your instructor read the paper and make suggestions. The number of paragraphs is dependent on the length of the essay. There is no such thing as a piece of good philosophical writing that is unclear, ungrammatical, or unintelligible. This is the simplest means for finding information on philosophical essays. Finalizing the essay In finalizing the essay prior to submission it is essential to review it to ensure it is up to the expected standard.
(d) sounds awkward and pedantic; avoid. Avoid using "this" as a pronoun. Were They Born That Way? Any generally acceptable method is okay with. A good way to demonstrate the strength of your position is to consider one or two of the best of these objections and show how they can be overcome. These sources can be accessed from the internet and physical libraries. Do We All Have the Same Ideas of Wrong and Right?
Referencing and Citations The writer should reference academic sources to provide credibility to his work. It is often difficult to actually begin a paper with an outline. For help in these matters (and we all need reference works in these areas) I recommend a few of the many helpful books available in the campus bookstore. Strongest challenge(s) to your position. Identify and formulate the strongest potential objection(s) to your position. One does not care what your fifth grade (or college) English teacher told you on this point. Proofread for grammatical mistakes. Examples of a thesis statement: Ethics are bad for the corporate world. But you can be expected to take a clear stand based on an evaluation of the argument(s) presented. After reading through exploratory essay topics, youre ready to get on your way! Another (and increasingly common) option is to alternate between the masculine and feminine; that is, to alternately use (b) and (f) Everyone should proofread her writing.
Instead, it is a reasoned defense of a thesis. When citing this essay in the text, you would cite it parenthetically with the author's name just as you would do according to the previous example. For example, if you were"ng Pojman's article on affirmative action from Beauchamp and Bowie, it might look like this: As Pojman defines it, ". Most first attempts at writing philosophy essays fall down on this point. (e) is preferred; it puts the entire construction in the plural, rendering the sentence grammatical, gender-inclusive, and natural-sounding. Observe the required page limits. The writer should also strive to ensure that the language level is low. What Tendency Does Humanity Follow? These sources cannot be limited only to academic sources.
The thesis statement must be debatable; the writer should be able to provide both sides of the arguments with relative ease. Also, remember that a calm, rational tone is almost always more effective than a polemical, sarcastic one. Only the most compelling philosphu essay outine one or two arguments should be developed. Nor will it do simply to claim that at least one of their premises is false. The philosophy essay topics of choice should also not be obvious. Philosophical writing is a system of academic writing in defense of some reasonable claim. However, the topic choice should be limited to sources that have valid academic backing. It is safest to assume that your reader is intelligent and knows a lot about your subject, but disagrees with you.
If your position is worth arguing for, there are going to be reasons which have led some people to reject. If you cannot formulate your thesis this way, odds are you are not clear enough about. Smith presupposes a particular stand on the philosphu essay outine moral status of abortion - the stand represented by the conclusion of the argument. Do Philosophy And Religion Conflict With One Another? The conclusion should serve as a wrap up, in which you make it clear that the stated goals in the thesis have been met.
(c) is both grammatical and gender-inclusive. (This point relates to (1) and (2). Things TO avoid IN your philosophy essay. Write with an ignorant (but not stupid) reading in mind. (This example is taken from Martinich's Philosophical Writing (cited at end of handout. Different instructors have different preferences for citing sources. Critiquing your own work often works best after putting the essay aside for a day or two. So, in the first paragraph you say something like, "Philosophy is interesting, beneficial, and entertaining." Then you have a paragraph or so on each of those three points. Without even seeing the essay, we know where the author is going and how he is getting there. When you have an exploratory essay to write about philosophy, you might be slightly intimidated. The citations should be from academic journals, books and reputable publications only. It is an undeniable truth that this is especially important in philosophy, where, frequently, people have problems because you are not being precise enough. If so, then you probably want "that.
I offer first some general comments on philosophical writing, and then some specific "do"s and "don't"s. To use another writer's words, ideas, or arguments as if they were your own is to plagiarize. (If you find this rule confusing, try substituting "that" every time you write "which" and see if the substitution sounds right. Beware of anemic paragraphs of only one or two sentences. Thus, ideas can be sourced from anywhere.
First, your reader is likely to find it difficult to keep track of so many different arguments, especially if these arguments approach the topic from different directions. Continental philosophy, american philosophy, analytic philosophy, ancient philosophy. "Sexual Harassment: Rights and Responsibilities as it appears. Better: I find several problems with Descartes' argument, including. Never use plastic report covers. Conclusion, the conclusion provides a general summary as to the gist of the paper. The paper should flow smoothly and each paragraph be logically linked to the previous.
Sometimes it may be necessary to trash entire chunks of the paper, to rearrange paragraphs or to add new material. Beauchamp and Norman. The conclusion summarizes the arguments and counter-arguments propagated in the essay. Is There Something More Than Free Will, philosphu essay outine Such as Spiritual Power? Don't write anything you yourself don't understand. Furthermore, have a definite plan in mind for the steps you will take to prove your thesis (preferably in the form of an outline). You will present arguments. How Dependent Are Ethics on Religion Currently?
The writer should create an essay structure to provide a blueprint of the essay. What Is the Purpose of Death? The topic of choice will be expected to withstanding academic inquiry. To see that this is so, notice that the person who denies the conclusion - that abortion philosphu essay outine is morally wrong - will not accept Smith's premise that it amounts to murder, since murder is, by definition, morally wrong. It takes considerable practice and exposure to philosophical writing to develop this engaging style of argumentation, but it is worth. Dont forget to use your schools writing services too! Where arguments are unclear, the philosophy essay outline can be changed to ensure that the arguments are clear and easy to understand.
Anticipate objections to your arguments, and deal with those objections in your essay. If you have argued well, it will support you. In the real world, the way you write the things you say is just as important as what you have to say. Follow the specific instructions given by your teacher, even if you think they're nitpicky. Indicate your indebtedness, whether it is for specific words, general ideas, or a particular line of argument. Use the right words. Note: If you have two citations by the same author, you should include the year of publication in your parenthetical citation. You want to start your paper off with a clear statement of the question at hand. That is because it is neither a research paper nor an exercise in literary self-expression. Topic Choice, the topic choice for philosophical essay writing is essential. In addition to taking advantage of topic lists and school resources, you should consider using a cheap essays program. Ottensmeyer and Gerald.
These are entirely unnecessary and of no interest to the informed reader. Is Acting Morally Needed In Order to Achieve Happiness? It is important to show some discrimination here. This handout is offered with this in mind. It is important for the writer to determine a good branch of study within philosophy. You must say exactly what you mean and in a way that minimizes the chances of being misunderstood. But how will your opponent respond? Guide the reader through as clearly and carefully as possible. If not, the best prose in the world will not be enough to make it work. The revision exercise ensures that the defense mounted for the claim is sufficient and that all counter arguments are adequately disposed. If you jump about in your essay, the reader will balk.
Again, you would cite the author and page number parenthetically in the text. New York: Vintage Books, 1978. The use of terminologies will only contribute to confusing the writer. If not, your argument is likely either confused or unclear. If you are citing a text written by one author as opposed to an anthology, an example of how your citation should look is as follows: Bok, Sissela. Where the learner notes that philosphu essay outine the language is too complex for a young learner to appreciate, steps should be taken to reduce the complexity of the language used. Above all, it means that there must be a specific point that you are trying to establish - something that you are trying to convince the reader to accept - together with grounds or justification for its acceptance. He or she cannot tell what you meant to say but did not, and cannot read in what you would quickly point out if you were conversing face to face. (b) Everyone should proofread his writing. What Does Sexual Desire Tell Us about Humans and Their Behavior?
APA sample reference McGillian, David. Analytical study of the works of Plato and Aristotle. Before you start to write make an outline of how you want to argue. It is not a report of what various scholars have had to say on a particular topic. I offer this handout as an aid to more effective philosophical writing. Inexperienced writers rely too heavily on"tions and paraphrases. It is a good idea to let someone else read your paper critically to see if they understand. Your instructor knows that. It should read, "I do not care what your fifth grade English (or college) teacher told you on this point because I don't. The use of the "that" clause in (a) restricts the scope of "theory of forms." (b on the other hand, makes the general claim that any theory of forms should be rejected, adding the additional fact that Plato expounded this theory. Do Genetics Contribute to Ones Behavior? You must argue that these criticisms miss the mark as far as your case is concerned, or that they are in some sense ill-conceived despite their plausibility.