Was the Civil War Inevitable Essay. The new governments established during the summer and fall of 1865 enacted lawsthe notorious Black Codesthat severely limited the rights of former slaves in an effort to force them to return to work as dependent plantation laborers. Its verbal quality is resonance combined with a logical, matter of fact, prosaic brevity. 19 (no specific source given) Library of Congress : Band Music from the Civil War Era a b Lanning.243 Lanning.243, Vaughan.194,195 Lanning.244 Amedeo.127, Miller.92 Lanning.243, Miller.96 a b c Lanning. Was the Civil War Inevitable Essay.The Civil War in America was, in fact, inevitable. Though the will of the people as expressed in the majority vote is carefully institutionalized as the operative source of political authority, it is deprived of an ultimate significance.
Xiii De Tocqueville spoke of American church religion as "a political institution which powerfully contributes to the maintenance of a democratic republic among the Americans" xiv by supplying a strong moral consensus amidst continuous political change. The intentions of this letter most definitely sparked the civil war, because he suggests "the confederacy will be able to combat with many difficulties, which arise from the conflicting interests of separate nations." He assures that this. Secession was inevitable based on the events that occurred from ; The. 7 Some of these required musicians were drummer boys not even in their teens, which allowed an adult man to instead be a foot soldier. The result of this effort to bring the Republicans and Federalists together failed. As soon as the Civil War ended, and in some parts of the South even earlier, blacks who had been free before the war came together with emancipated slaves in conventions, parades, and petition drives to demand suffrage and,. Not until the "Second Reconstruction"the civil rights revolution of the 1960swould the United States once again seek to come to terms with the political and social consequences of the destruction of slavery. This is in large part was the american civil war inevitable essay due to the dominant tradition. The civil religion has exercised long-term pressure for the humane solution of our greatest domestic problem, the treatment of the Negro American.
In fact, his only reference was to the concept of God, a word that almost all Americans can accept but that means so many different things to so many different people that it is almost an empty sign. Yet at the same time, all the makings of a civil war are evident. Strictly speaking, suffrage remained a privilege rather than a right, subject to numerous regulations by the states. Therefore the growth of sectionalism and the events which led up to the conflict made war an inevitable outcome of the hostilities which had arisen from the to ideologically different factions which grew in the United States. I believe this is the meaning that goes beyond sect or religion and beyond peace and war, and is now part of our lives as a challenge, obstacle and hope. The civil war was inevitable, only however, after one key event; the cotton gin made the civil war inevitable. The Puritan were very educated and they based their ways of living by their religious beliefs. Another reason that the South felt that they needed slaves and couldnt just simply employ workers because slaves were cheaper. This article argues not only that there is such a thing, but also that this religion-or perhaps better, this religious dimension-has its own seriousness and integrity and requires the same care in understanding that any other religion does. Nor was the civil religion simply "religion in general." While generality was undoubtedly seen as a virtue by some, as in the"tion from Franklin above, the civil religion was specific enough when it came to the topic of America. Even when some of them opposed the full institutionalization of religious liberty, they accepted the final outcome with good grace and without nostalgia for the ancien régime. The tensions between the North and South started with their divergent socioeconomic standings. Panorama of American Popular Music.
But the was the american civil war inevitable essay road to reunion was paved with black Americans shattered dreams. Americans have, from the beginning, been aware of the responsibility and the significance our republican experiment has for the whole world. As he looked over the crowd, the many social classes he saw resembled that fact that the rumors of his denial of their acceptance are false. For one thing, neither Washington nor Adams nor Jefferson mentions Christ in his inaugural address; nor do any of the subsequent presidents, although not one of them fails to mention God. There could now be no going back to the prewar Union. How, then, are we to interpret this placing of references to God? Lastly, the plantation owners had. Civil War Was Inevitable Essay.questions in history was, Was the, civil, war inevitable? 23, 2013 m/articles/SB References edit Abel,.
The American civil religion was never anticlerical or militantly secular. One need only to think of France to see how differently things can. 9 Their music rallied the Union forces, forcing the Confederate to withdraw. The great number of the war dead required the establishment of a number of national cemeteries. Every step by which we have advanced to the character of an independent nation seems to have been distinguished by some token providential agency. Before the Civil War, the definition of those entitled to enjoy the "blessings of liberty" protected by the Constitution was increasingly defined by race.
First, he said, "I have sworn before you and Almighty God the same solemn oath our forbears prescribed nearly a century and three quarters ago." The oath is the oath of office, including the acceptance of the obligation to uphold the Constitution. Out of the first and second times of trial have come, as we have seen, the major symbols of the American civil religion. Supposedly, Radical Republicans in Congress vindictively fastened black supremacy upon the defeated Confederacy and an orgy of corruption and misgovernment followed, presided over by unscrupulous "carpetbaggers" (northerners who ventured south to reap the spoils of office "scalawags" (white southerners. Though much is selectively derived from Christianity, this religion is clearly not itself Christianity. When Kennedy says that "the rights of man come not from the generosity of the state but from the hand of God he is stressing this point again. Yet the war left it to future generations to confront the numerous legacies of slavery and to embark on the unfinished quest for racial justice. He was eventually seen as a bad predecessor of Lincoln. Joe Cortina: You bet they are. The intimate relation of these religious notions with the self-conception of the new republic is indicated by the frequency of their appearance in early official documents. However, these events did occur and led our nation to War. Music by 1861 edit The First Gun is Fired,.m.
That is the basis for his reassertion of the revolutionary significance of America. I suspect I would not be alone as was the american civil war inevitable essay millions of real patriot veterans would follow his lead. The American Civil War : Causes, Victor, and Validity Keagan Koerber History 205 Professor Childress December 9, 2014 The slightest mention of the American Civil War is enough to bring graphic and often horrifying images into ones head: mountains of dead. X Karl Decker and Angus McSween, Historic Arlington (Washington,.C., 1892. As de Tocqueville wrote: The greatest part of British America was peopled by men who, after having shaken off the authority of the Pope, acknowledged no other religious supremacy: they brought with them into the New World a form. Following the Mexican War, the Unite States acquired territory. This religion-there seems no other word for it-while not antithetical to and indeed sharing much in common with Christianity, was neither sectarian nor in any specific sense Christian. 4 The July 1861 requirement was ignored as the war dragged on, as riflemen were more needed than musicians.
That principle, which we know today as "civil rights originated in the Civil War and the turbulent era of Reconstruction that followed. John Hill Hewitt The Young Volunteer,.m. Gov Turner.151, Vaughan.195 Heidler.1173, Miller.190 Amedeo.257, Vaughan.194 Branham.131 Amedeo.77, 127 a b Lanning.245 Kelley.30, Silber.7 Branham.132 McWhirter 2012, p148 Harwell.3,4 a b Branham.130 Silber.8 Lanning.245. Xiv Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, vol. Oxford University Press. Our people are divided, our economy is in a death spiral, and our Constitution is being trashed daily by the very people who should be defending.
Br Nathanael: What if various militias begin was the american civil war inevitable essay engaging in some form of civil war? If the war goes on and expands, if that fatal process continues to accelerate until America becomes what it is not now and never has been, a seeker after unlimited power and empire, then Vietnam will have had a mighty and tragic fallout indeed. This was one of the most controversial arguments in American history. The general populous thinks that slavery was the main cause of the Civil War but as this paper will explain there are many other underlying causes, including. But we know enough about the function of ceremonial and ritual in various societies to make us suspicious of dismissing something as unimportant because it is "only a ritual." What people say on solemn occasions need. These questions are worth pursuing because they raise the issue of how civil religion relates to the political society on the one hand and to private religious organization on the other. I am convinced that every nation and every people come to some form or religious self-understanding whether the critics like it or not. This public religious dimension is expressed in a set of beliefs, symbols, and rituals that I am calling American civil religion. For the first time in American history, black men held positions of political power, ranging from the US Congress to state legislatures, and local sheriffs, school board officials, and justices of the peace. 4, The Liberal Tradition in America (New York: Harcourt, Brace., 1955). Sweet Freedom's Song: "My Country 'tis of Thee" and Democracy in America. Barnhouse, for military band. He did not refer to Jesus Christ, or to Moses, or to the Christian church; certainly he did not refer to the Catholic church.
That this very activist and noncontemplative conception of the fundamental religious obligation, which has been historically associated with the Protestant position, should be enunciated so clearly in the first major statement of the first Catholic president seems. Harry MacCarthy Dixie,. In England, the son of the Duke of Wellington, whose father had vanquished Napoleon, greeted Grant as a military genius, the primary architect of Union victory in the American Civil War. The Civil War in American Culture. It was reprinted with comments and a rejoinder. We can start from the beginning, when American first started to come together. Fortunately, the prophetic voices have never been lacking.
John Clem, a was the american civil war inevitable essay twelve-year-old Union drummer boy In May 1861 the United States War Department officially approved that every regiment of infantry and artillery could have a brass band with 24 members, while a cavalry regiment could have one of sixteen members. War with Mexico, the Acquisition of Oregon and Texas, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act were three of these important events that led to the inevitable secession and Civil War. These I esteemed the essentials of every religion; and, being to be found in all the religions we had in our country, I respected them all, tho' with different degrees of respect, as I found them more or less mix'd. The Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 and was the first true attempt in finding an answer and a solution to the continued battle of slavery. Let us look more closely at what Kennedy actually said. With northern acquiescence, the Solid South, now uniformly Democratic, effectively nullified the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments and imposed a new racial order based on disenfranchisement, segregation, and economic inequality. Parading English workers hailed him as the man whose military prowess had saved the worlds leading experiment in democratic government and as a Hero of Freedom who had helped secure the emancipation of Americas four million slaves. But in 1861 the time of testing had indeed come. For example, we find in Washington's first inaugural address of April 30, 1789: It would be peculiarly improper to omit in this first official act my fervent supplications to that Almighty Being who rules over the universe, who presides. The Social Contract, he outlines the simple dogmas of the civil religion: the existence of God, the life to come, the reward of virtue and the punishment of vice, and the exclusion of religious intolerance. They mainly populated the North as the Southern economy made it hard to compete with slaves for work. The Music of Black Americans.
Singing the New Nation: How Music Shaped the Confederacy, (First.). Br Nathanael: What needs to be done to restore our nation? Contains excerpts from his 1862 annual was the american civil war inevitable essay address to Congress, the Lincoln-Douglas Debates, and the Gettysburg Address. They believed that if they worked hard, they could be rich eventually. Second it will identify the political measures which were dictated by the sectional economic interests.
By James M, the Emergence of Lincoln, Vol. The words and acts of the founding fathers, especially the first few presidents, shaped the form and tone of the civil religion as it has been maintained ever since. Joe Cortinas subsequent experiences as an intelligence investigator and anti-terrorist adviser brought him to such hotbeds of turmoil as the State of Israel, adjacent Middle East nations, and Central America. He did not was the american civil war inevitable essay refer to any religion in particular. Joe Cortina: Like a new mass shooting resulting in Feinstein and her ilk passing an all-out gun law enabling Jewish-trained Storm Troopers to take our guns and start killing people in their homes. But inevitably the issue of slavery as the deeper cause of the conflict had to be faced. The Civil War was a war that no one wished for, it resulted in the deaths of several hundred thousand American lives, but it is often justified by its end result, which was the abolition of slavery. The Reconstruction ideal of interracial democracy and color-blind citizenship eventually succumbed to a counterattack from violent organizations like the Ku Klux Klan and the progressive abandonment of the principle of equality in the North and the idea of federal.
By Allan Nevins, conflict Consensus in American History 9th edition vol. One historian has suggested that if the North and South had exchanged presidents, the South would have won the war. The moderates on this issue have insisted that the American state has taken a permissive and indeed supportive attitude toward religious groups (tax exemptions, et cetera thus favoring religion but still missing the positive institutionalization with which I am concerned. At a time when the society was overwhelmingly Christian, it seems unlikely that this lack of Christian reference was meant to spare the feelings of the tiny non-Christian minority. Considering the separation of church and state, how is a president justified in using the word "God" at all? There is a higher criterion in terms of which this will can be judged; it is possible that the people may be wrong. 42 A ballad from the war, Aura Lee, would become the basis of the song Love Me Tender by Elvis Presley.
Grant, embarked with his wife on a two-year tour of the world. Bewildered and unnerved when our terrible power fails to bring immediate success, we are at the edge of a chasm the depth of which no man knows. Nonetheless, Reconstruction witnessed a remarkable political revolution in the South. The propitious smiles of Heaven can never be expected on a nation that disregards the eternal rules of order and right which Heaven itself has ordained. Iii God is mentioned or referred to in all inaugural addresses but Washington's second, which is a very brief (two paragraphs) and perfunctory acknowledgement. Since World War II the old pattern has become impossible. No people can be bound to acknowledge and adore the Invisible Hand which conducts the affairs of man more than those of the United States. Xii Perhaps the real animus of the religious critics has been not so much against the civil religion in itself but against its pervasive and dominating influence within the sphere of church religion. It can be overtly or implicitly linked to the ideal of manifest destiny that has been used to legitimate several adventures in imperialism since the early nineteenth century. In his second inaugural, Lincoln related slavery and the war in an ultimate perspective: If we shall suppose that American slavery is one of those offenses which, in the providence of God, must needs come, but which, having continued. The other prominent tune was The Bonnie Blue Flag, and like Dixie was written in 1861, unlike Union popular tunes which were written throughout the war. In 1867, African American men in the defeated Confederacy were given the right to vote and hold officea radical departure from pre-Civil War days, when blacks could vote only in a handful of northern states.
21 In the Confederate States of America, God Save the South was the official national anthem. The telegraph made possible instantaneous communication between generals and between the battlefield and home front. Thus, political leadership was crucial to victory, and Lincoln proved far more successful than his Confederate counterpart, Jefferson Davis, in mobilizing public sentiment. When Johnny Comes Marching Home was written in 1863 by Patrick Gilmore, an immigrant from Ireland, and was also enjoyed by both sides. 22 At an April 9, 1865, rally, the band director was surprised when Lincoln requested that the band play Dixie. With the overthrow of biracial state governments in the South and the withdrawal of the last federal troops from the region by President Rutherford. Let us consider first the placing of the three references. Was the American civil war inevitable? He is actively interested and involved in history, with a special concern for America. The Civil War is sometimes called the first modern war, although what constitutes "modernity" in warfare is a matter of debate. 32 Confederate supporters also looked to music sung by slaves for signs of loyalty.
The issue of equal rights for American Negroes is such an issue. 38 Classical music edit A Lincoln Portrait, by Aaron Copland, for narrator and orchestra. The third is an appeal to "the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions and the last indicates "a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence." In these last two references, a biblical. But the churches were neither to control the state nor to be controlled. The subject is the battle of the same name. Personally, I think this war would happen sooner or later. Different economies that emerged from the North and South * Tariffs * Industries * Growth of cities and. Just so the prophets of Israel criticized the events of their day from the perspective of the God who is concerned for history, and who reveals His will within.
Viii Lowell is certainly right in pointing out the Christian quality of the symbolism here, but he is also right in quickly disavowing any sectarian implication. Conceived in justice, written in liberty, bound in union, it was meant one day to inspire the hopes of all mankind; and it binds us still. Lincoln said, "That tune is now Federal property. The right to vote, expanded to eliminate the barrier of race, was still restricted to men, despite the demands of the eras woman suffrage movement. Eventhough, the civil war was an all American war, each side had a reason, and a purpose of why they fought in this war.
It is the opinion of this essay that the southern succession was an inevitable step for the south to take in response to what they saw as the ultimate threat to their way of life. The tragedy was not that it was attempted, but that it failed. Thus his general references to God do not mean that he lacked a specific religious commitment. Donald (New York: Touchstone, 1996 93114. By Allen F, the rise of American civilization, vol. John Tasker Howard has claimed that the songs from this era "could be arranged in proper sequence to form an actual history of the conflicts; its events, its principal characters, and the ideals and principles was the american civil war inevitable essay of the opposing sides".