Use the same key terms, narrative style, and verb tense present that you used when when describing the research problem in your introduction. 1 page/275 words 2 Sources APA Business Marketing Research Paper. 8 pages/2200 words 4 Sources APA Life Sciences Research Paper. Designators such as Tube 1, Tube 2, or Site 1 and Site 2 are completely meaningless out of context and difficult to follow in context. (1) blah, blah.(2) etc. Note: For laboratory studies you need not report the date and location of the study unless it is necessary information for someone to have who might wish to repeat your work or use the same facility. 8 pages/2200 words 5 Sources APA Literature Language Research Paper. The text of the Results section should be crafted to follow this sequence and highlight the evidence needed to answer the questions/hypotheses you investigated. For example: Ducks Over-Winter in Colorado Barley Fields in Response to Increased Daily Mean Temperature Ima Mallard, Ura Drake, and Woodruff Ducque Department of Wildlife Biology, University of Colorado - Boulder Top of page The title is not. Instead of: An increased appetite was manifested by the rats and an increase in body weight was measured. Ambrose, III Katharine Peckham Ambrose, A Handbook of Biological Investigation, 4th edition, Hunter Textbooks Inc, Winston-Salem, 1987 Particularly useful if you need to use statistics to analyze your data. Important negative results should be reported, too.
The Abstract helps readers decide whether they want part discussion research paper to read the rest of the paper, or it may be the only part they can obtain via electronic literature searches or in published abstracts. Note that superfluous detail and otherwise obvious information has been deleted while important missing information was added. The A 600 of the no-light control was measured only at Time 0 and at the end of the experiment." Top of Page results. Table of Contents, fAQs, pDF Version, rationale. George Mason University; Discussion. General Rules, these are the general rules you should adopt when composing your discussion of the results : Do not be verbose or repetitive. In scientific studies, the use of this word implies that a statistical test was employed to make a decision about the data; in this case the test indicated a larger difference in mean heights than you would expect to get by chance alone. Frequently asked questions (FAQs).
4 pages/1100 words 3 Sources APA Health, Medicine, Nursing Research Paper Impact of The Roux- En- Y Gastric Bypass Surgery Description: APA; Health, Medicine, Nursing; Impact of the Roux- En- Y Gastric Bypass Surgery on Type II Diabetes. 3 pages/825 words 1 Source MLA Accounting, Finance, spss Research Paper Health Issue Analysis: Progress In The HIV/aids Issue Description: APA; Health, Medicine, Nursing; Appraise how religious/spiritual beliefs and values have influenced progress in addressing the HIV/aids issueeither negatively or part discussion research paper positively. Authors usually write the text of the results section based upon the sequence of Tables and Figures. Avoid devoting whole sentences to report a statistical outcome alone. Style : The style in this section should read as if you were verbally describing the conduct of the experiment.
Use the part discussion research paper active voice when possible, but much of it may require passive constructions. A simple rule-of-thumb is to imagine that you are another researcher doing an study similar to the one you are reporting. Use of the first person is okay, but too much use of the first person may actually distract the reader from the main points. A sentence made of more than 40 words should probably be rewritten as two sentences. 8 pages/2200 words 7 Sources APA Education Research Paper Black Hole - An Essential Component Of The Universe Description: MLA; Literature Language; Among the essential components of the universe is the black hole. When you pose a testable hypothesis that can be answered experimentally, or ask a question that can be answered by collecting samples, you accumulate observations about those organisms or phenomena. 4 pages/1100 words 4 Sources MLA Literature Language Research Paper. Big Data is richer and higher data that provides insight into the events, activities and behaviors occurring globally. A brief summary of your interpetations and conclusions.
The Discussion will always connect to the Introduction by way of the question(s) or hypotheses you posed and the literature you cited, but it does not simply repeat or rearrange the Introduction. If you are using a novel (new, revolutionary, never used before) technique or methodology, the merits of the new technique/method versus the previously used methods should be presented in the Introduction. Lund Research Ltd., 2012; Summary: Using it Wisely. This can be followed by any recommendations for further research. The bacteria were then incubated at 37 C for." Best: Here the author assumes the reader has basic knowledge of microbiological techniques and has deleted other superfluous information. The participant believed that he was delivering real shocks to the learner. 6 pages/1650 words 4 Sources APA Social Sciences Research Paper The Social, Political And Economic Impact Of Migration Description: APA; Communications Media; The political impact of migration in both the originating and the destination nation. Strategy for Writing Title. What are the scientific merits of this particular model system? According to the relativity theory, a mass that is sufficiently compacted can make a black hole by deforming space-time. Make sure you say what you mean. Social conformity, description: MLA; Literature Language; Social conformity Literature Language Research Paper.
One to fo ur paragraphs should be enough. The Effect of Melatonin Supplements on Sleep. Various prisoners in Canada are also infected with HIV as they don't take care of precautions and are ready to have sex with sex workers. This would demonstrate to the reader that you have inadequately examined and interpreted the data. Use the past tense. 3 pages/825 words 6 Sources APA Literature Language Research Paper The Power Of Appearance: Human's Feelings Description: MLA; Literature Language; The Power of Appearance implies appearance part discussion research paper having power and power having appearance in which these two do not merely attribute.
10 pages/2750 words 10 Sources MLA Literature Language Research Paper Renewable Distributed Generation And Storage Description: Other; Technology; There is a need for a microgrid to ensure that there is no disruption of electricity in the critical facilities. For example, in a paper reporting on an experiment involving dosing mice with the sex hormone estrogen and watching for a certain kind of courtship behavior, a poor title would be: Mouse Behavior Why? Consider how the results of other studies may be combined with yours to derive a new or perhaps better substantiated understanding of the problem. 3 pages/825 words 4 Sources MLA Literature Language Research Paper Buddhist Tattoos On The Western World Description: Chicago; Literature Language; The research will review various articles that have studied Buddhist tattoo's in the western world with focus on their appeal, value and power. Hypothesis : part discussion research paper a more general claim or possible conclusion arising from the results which may be proved or disproved in subsequent research. An appendix is an optional part of the paper, and is only rarely found in published papers. 5 pages/1375 words 6 Sources MLA History Research Paper PepsiCo and the Coca Cola Company Financial Analysis Description: MLA; Accounting, Finance, spss; The financial analysis and comparison in this paper are based on the financial statements of PepsiCo. The experimenter then instructed the participant to treat this silence as an incorrect response and deliver a further shock.
If a study that you cited does not support your findings, don't ignore it-clearly explain why your research findings differ from theirs. Problems part discussion research paper to Avoid Do not waste time restating your results. It also explores knowledge, its acquisition, construction, and use. Strategy : Although it is the first section of your paper, the Abstract, by definition, must be written last since it will summarize the paper. Write accurately Scientific writing must be accurate. It should be able to stand alone without any footnotes. The major findings including key quantitative results, or trends ( from Results ) report those results which answer the questions you were asking identify trends, relative change or differences, etc. For example, if you were studying a membrane-bound transport channel and you discovered a new bit of information about its mechanism, you might present a diagram showing how your findings helps to explain the channel's mechanism.
Materials and Methods, results (with, tables and Figures discussion, acknowledgments. Comment on their relative importance in relation to your overall interpretation of the results and, if necessary, note how they may affect the validity of your findings. Note : Do not label this section "Bibliography". There should be enough information here to allow another scientist to repeat your experiment. Other surgeons tie them, and it stops the bleeding just as well." Oliver Wendell Holmes,. A bit more advanced, intended for those writing papers for publication. Essay Available: Our Catalog, a research paper is arguably the most demanding type of academic assignment, as it requires a detailed evaluation of sources and relaying complex information to readers. 3 pages/825 words No Sources APA Management Research Paper The Nursing Issue With The Nurse To Patient Ratio Description: APA; Health, Medicine, Nursing; This article will seek to expound on the challenge of staffing, especially with regards to nursing to patient ratio. Strunk's first edition is available on-line.
The paper also questions the role of the international community in combating the vice. Follow a logical stream of thought; in general, interpret and discuss the significance of your findings in the same sequence you described them in your results section a notable exception is to begin by highlighting an unexpected result or finding. Description: MLA; Biological Biomedical Sciences; There are few studies which state that melatonin helps with jet lag and few sleep concerns whereas, other research demonstrates that it does not help with sleeping issues. For example: " lengths of 5, 10, 15, and 20 m or " no differences were observed part discussion research paper after 2, 4, 6, or 8 min. 1 page/275 words No Sources MLA Literature Language Research Paper Childhood Obesity Presents A Risk To Health Description: APA; Literature Language; According to WHO, obesity is the abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. Use verbs instead of abstract nouns Instead of: take into consideration Write: consider. Cite, instead, articles that reported specific results relevant to your study.
Temperature affects the reaction. The two sentences have been combined because they are related actions. Use graphs and tables if appropriate, but also summarize your part discussion research paper main findings in the text. Note that any significant or unanticipated finding is often because there was no prior research to indicate the finding could occur. 7 pages/1925 words 4 Sources MLA Literature Language Research Paper.
"Each plate was streaked with fresh overnight. 1 page/275 words 2 Sources APA Health, Medicine, Nursing Research Paper Apple Inc: Outsourcing Of Manufacturing To China Description: APA; Literature Language; Apple Inc. Department of English Writing Guide. Use appropriate methods of showing data. Although writing instructors may tell you not to use the same word twice in a sentence, it's okay for scientific writing, which must be accurate. Description: MLA; Literature Language; In 1994, the Aalborg Charter was created for sustainable cities and towns, and since then cities around the world have been leading the way in innovative and integrated approaches to sustainable living. For the correct spelling, try Biotech's Life Science Dictionary or one of the technical dictionaries on the reference shelf in the Biology or Health Sciences libraries. Avoid repetitive paragraph structures.
Top of page. I know there are professors in this country who 'ligate' arteries. Decide which format best shows the result and go with. In the References section list citations in alphabetical order. This insures that you get to the primary subject matter quickly without losing focus, or discussing information that is too general. Such abstracts may also be published separately in bibliographical sources, such as Biologic al Abstracts. Coli culture using an inoculating loop. This parenthetical reference should include the statistical test used and the level of significance (test statistic and DF are optional). Ideally, while the symptoms may not match any possible disease, it is important to do more research to see what could have been missed.
"Like a pigeon, something to admire as long as it isn't over your head." Anonymous. Function : The Literature Cited section gives an alphabetical listing (by first author's last name) of the references that you actually cited in the body of your paper. For example, in reporting a study of the effect of an experimental diet on the skeletal mass of the rat, consider first giving the data on skeletal mass for the rats fed the control diet and then give. Each experiment or procedure should be presented as a unit, even if it was broken up over time. Problematic example : In this example the reader will have no clue as to what the various tubes represent without having to constantly refer back to some previous point in the Methods. 10 pages/2750 words 9 Sources MLA Literature Language Research Paper Confucianism In The Modern World: Religion Description: APA; Social Sciences; Confucianism can be described as an ideology that focuses on human-centered religiousness and reverence to ancestors. When writing the discussion section, you should carefully consider all possible explanations for the study results, rather than just those that fit your hypothesis or prior assumptions and biases. 3 pages/825 words 6 Sources APA Business Marketing Research Paper Physical Punishment Of Children Should Be Legal Description: APA; Literature Language; This paper discusses the main reasons as to why the physical punishment of children needs to be considered legal. 3 pages/825 words No Sources APA Accounting, Finance, spss Research Paper Post-War Fashion: American Vs Paris Couture Description: Chicago; Visual Performing Arts; The author of this article believes that by combining an analysis of the overall socio-political. Ask your mentor's permission before including his/her name as co-author.
The key is to summarize (for the reader) what we knew about the specific problem before you did your experiments or studies. In any case, your results may be of importance to others even though they did not support your hypothesis. Description: APA; Literature Language; The program has successfully shoot up from being an eight-week illustration program to being a project that offers full day yearly services and other additional programs. This group showed the highest cumulative germination (84 with longer (5 d) or shorter (12 h) exposures producing smaller gains in germination when compared to the control group. Writincientific research article, format for the paper, edit your paper! 12 pages/3300 words 8 Sources MLA Literature Language Research Paper What Makes Friendships Valuable: Factors Description: APA; Social Sciences; The factors that enhance friendship form the basis of the discussion presented in this paper. Bates College; Hess, Dean. 8 pages/2200 words 12 Sources APA Health, Medicine, Nursing Research Paper The Dyson Purifier's Technical Abilities Strengths Description: Chicago; Life Sciences; Dyson launched an upgrade of its first generation air purifier and had taken the home automation industry. If your Abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the information presented there? Purpose, methods, results, etc.) to two or three sentences, if possible.
Although you might occasionally include in this section tables and figures which help explain something you are discussing, they must not contain new data (from your study) that should have been presented earlier. 10 pages/2750 words 4 Sources Chicago Literature Language Research Paper HIV/aids Outcomes: The United States. From the start, the war was considered a morally ambiguous conflict in that it was against communism and the suppression of nationalistic self-determination. Unfortunately, they're all the same page." Michael Alley, The Craft of Scientific Writing A major part of any writing assignment consists of re-writing. Present the results of your experiment(s) in a sequence that will logically support (or provide evidence against) the hypothesis, or answer the question, stated in the Introduction.
Instead, it tells how your study has moved us forward from the place you left us at the end of the Introduction. Enron was rebranded as a trader for energy and as a supplier of the same. "Each plate was placed on a turntable and streaked at opposing angles with fresh overnight. 1 page/275 words 2 Sources MLA Mathematics Economics Research Paper Business Management Self-Reflective Paper Description: APA; Management; My studies in business management have been imperative in all aspects of my life, including my development as a manager and responsible person within the community. Use a spellchecker, but be aware that they don't catch all mistakes. It is much more informative to say something like, "Group A individuals were 23 larger than those in Group B or, "Group B pups gained weight at twice the rate of Group A pups." Report the direction of differences (greater. Subheadings should be capitalized (first letter in each word left justified, and either bold italics OR underlined. A better title would be : The Effects of Estrogen on the Nose-Twitch Courtship Behavior in Mice Why? A major function of the text is to provide clarifying information. One reason for using this format is that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner. Style : The Abstract is only text.
Do not underline the section heading OR put a colon at the end. 2 pages/550 words 3 Sources Chicago Literature Language Research Paper Social Justice Hero Presentation: White's Life Description: MLA; Religion Theology; This paper will focus on White's life and how he worked for justice. 6 pages/1650 words 6 Sources APA Literature Language Research Paper. The turntable was rotated 90 degrees by hand. Strategy for writing the Methods section. Description: MLA; Visual Performing Arts; Hip-hop started evolving following the wide availability and affordability of the sampling technology and drum machines, which increased the simplicity of music production, reaching a wider audience both at the national and international levels. When referring to a Figure from the text, "Figure" is abbreviated as Fig.,e.g., Fig. Although you may read some general background references (encyclopedias, textbooks, lab manuals, style manuals, etc.) to get yourself acquainted with the subject area, do not cite these, becasue they contain information that is considered fundamental or "common" knowledge wqithin the discipline. Why a Scientific Format? Diagrams of specialized apparati. The introduction summarizes the relevant literature so that the reader will understand why you were interested in the question you asked. If you present your data in a table or graph, include a title describing what's in the table Enzyme activity at various temperatures not "My results".) For graphs, you should also label the x and y axes. Tube 4's A 600 was measured only at Time 0 and at the end of the experiment." Improved example: Notice how the substitution ( in red ) of treatment and control identifiers clarifies the passage both.