Photo source: SAF Coastal Care. To summarize the scientific data collected on the ship, Miriam Goldstein, chief scientist. All sea creatures, from the largest to the microscopic organisms, are, at one point or another, swallowing the seawater soup instilled with toxic chemicals from plastic decomposition. According to scientists at the University of Southern Mississippi (USM a new type of environmentally friendly plastic that degrades in seawater may be developed. Large amounts of sewage discharged into the Yangtze River June 18, 2009. A polymer is simply a very large molecule made up of many smaller units joined together, generally end to end, to create a long chain. Noaa has focused on the stcz because it is an area triggering massive debris accumulation in Hawaii.
Dr Saidos study was the first one to look at what actually happens over the years to these tons of plastic waste floating in the worlds oceans. Their study is funded by the Naval Sea Systems Command (navsea which is supporting a number of ongoing research projects aimed at reducing the environmental impact of marine waste. An environment is the natural world which surrounds the earth and makes a particular geographical area in which human beings, animals, plants and other living and non-living things exist. 50 to 80 percent of sea turtles found dead are known to have ingested plastic marine debris. Essay on Environment and Development, essay on Save Environment. Estimates for plastic degradation at sea has been ranged from 450 to 1,000 years. She said, There is not a big island, not a garbage dump that we can really see easily. As will be explained infra, the convergence zone is in itself another serious accumulator of traveling plastic debris. Thus, the photo degradation of plastic debris makes the matter worse. The rest floats in open seas, often ending up in gyres, circular motion of currents, forming conglomerations of swirling plastic trash called garbage patches, or ultimately ending up washed ashore on someones beach. We should reduce the amount of waste, throwing wastes properly to its place only, stop using poly bags, reuse some old things in new ways, repair and use broken things instead of throwing it away, see how much. Scientists have similarly and more simply defined marine debris as, any manufactured or processed solid waste material that enters the ocean environment from any source (Coe Rogers, 1997). We have provided very unique and general topics essay which are generally assigned to students in the school.
Plastic pollution covering the shore, oto: SAF Coastal Care As we mentioned supra, land-based sources of debris account for up to 80 percent of the worlds marine pollution. Photo: Chris Jordan In April 2002 a dead Minke whale washed up on the Normandy coast in France. The data collected and analyzed from the annual ICC Cleanup is used locally, nationally and internationally to influence policy decisions, spawn campaigns for recycling programs, support public education programs, launch adopt-a-beach programs, and even storm water system overhaul and legislative reform. Chemical factory landfill the Yangtze River bank to expand the scale of the factory without authorization. Mazhuang village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province, 58-year-old Ma water pollution in india essay Haipeng was suffering from stomach cancer since 2006 and could not work in the field. Lu Guang from Peoples Republic of China won the 30,000. Branscombe, United Kingdom, Photo: Matt Cardy About 80 percent of all tourist flock to coastal areas. Therefore, to protect Nature,.e. In 1992, twenty containers full of rubber ducks were lost overboard from a ship traveling from China to Seattle. He came upon an area, the Doldrums, a windless part of the ocean that mariners usually avoid.
Considered a safer plastic. World Environment Day, essay on Pollution, global Warming Essay. The word plastics generally applies to the synthetic products of chemistry. But while some cannot be water pollution in india essay seen, those pieces are still there and are still plastic. SAS also released a covert film documenting mermaids tears in the storm drains of plastic factories in the southwest, highlighting the route from factory to beach. Thus, we will define the notions of marine debris, gyres, and oceanic garbage patches, or giant floating marine debris field, as first discovered in the North Pacific by Captain Charles Moores, since referred to as The Great Pacific Garbage Patch (GGP).
Zhaozhuang village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province 66-year-old Zhao Bingkun suffering from esophageal cancer since 2004, after the second surgery, treatment cost already have reached over 200,000 yuan. August of 1993 he returned to water pollution in india essay post-graduate studies at the Central Arts and Design Academy in Beijing (now is the Academy of Arts and Design, Tsinghua University). The 2008 report states that plastic litter has increased by 126 percent since ICC first survey in 1994. A great and well known example is the North Pacific Subtropical Convergence Zone (stcz). Photo Source: swns In 19, conventions were held in Oslo and Paris, respectively, which resulted in the passing of the ospar Convention, an international treaty controlling marine pollution in the north-east Atlantic Ocean around Europe. Introduction, the world population is living, working, vacationing, increasingly conglomerating along the coasts, and standing on the front row of the greatest, most unprecedented, plastic waste tide ever faced. June 26, 2009. Contamination of the environment brings lots of diseases which human being may suffer whole life. Swirled by currents, plastic litter accumulates over time at the center of major ocean vortices forming garbage patches,.e. D., a professor of Polymer Science and Engineering at USM, said, Were moving toward making plastics more sustainable, especially those that are used at sea. In 2003, the government of Taiwan put in place a system by which bags were no longer made available in markets without charge. Indeed, despite its size and density, the GGP is not visible from satellite photography because of its consistency, as Kaisei project and Scripps teams confirmed last August. In 2008, our global plastic consumption worldwide has been estimated at 260 million tons, and, according to a 2012 report by Global Industry Analysts, plastic consumption is to reach 297.5 million tons by the end of 2015.
It becomes obvious that technologies that convert plastic to fuel, clothing, or simply more profitable plastic could give people a good reason to pick up all that plastic and make a profit from. However, our environment also need some help from all of us to get maintained as usual, to nourish our lives forever and to never ruin our lives. Polycarbonate is used in many plastic baby bottles, clear plastic sippy cups, sports water bottles, three and five gallon large water storage containers, metal food can liners, some juice and ketchup containers, compact discs, cell phones, computers. More scientific reports are being published on the effects of Bisphenol A on animal and human health, and the news is not good. Anything that looks like shrimp, Moore says. According to a Greenpeace report, strategies to achieve Zero Waste are adopted throughout the world, in industrialized countries and in less developed countries. This makes simple scooping up of the material risky, more harm than good may be caused. They reported that small plastic pellets called mermaids tears, which are the result of industry and domestic plastic waste, have indeed spread across the worlds seas.
Cleaning Up Of The Oceans Debris In The Open Seas noaa has also been contacted regarding cleanup of the debris directly in the garbage patch and other areas of the North Pacific; however, cleanup is likely to be more difficult than it may seem. Photo: Manan Vastsyayana It has been reported that the lack of adequate solid waste management facilities results in hazardous wastes entering the waters of the Western Indian Ocean, South Asian Seas, and southern Black Sea, among others. According to the Biodegradable Plastics Society (2005 when such plastics are composted they break down to carbon dioxide and water. Illustration: noaa It is very difficult to measure the exact size of a gyre because it is a fluid system, but the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre is roughly estimated to be approximately 7 to 9 million square miles, approximately. The Eastern Pacific Garbage Patch floats between Japan and Hawaii; the Western Patch floats between Hawaii and California. (noaa) Nets and lines become snagged on coral and subsequent wave action causes coral heads to break off at points where the debris was attached.
Captions and Photo source: Don Domingo. Mermaids tears are often found in filter feeders like mussels, barnacle, lugworm and amphipods. Yet some others large garbage patches are highly expected to be discovered elsewhere, as well see further. According to the initial investigative conclusions, the victims were in contact with highly toxic chemical, dinitrophenol, which was found on the two tons of plastic scrap. Healthy environment maintains the natures balance as well as helps in growing, nourishing and developing all the living things on the earth. These chemicals are considered toxic and can be metabolized subsequent to ingestion, leading Dr Saido to state plastics in the ocean will certainly give rise to new sources of global contaminations that will persist long into the future. According to Charles Moore, these resin pellets account for around 8 percent of annual oil production and are the raw material for the 260 million tons of plastic consumed yearly worldwide. As such, one must be careful in interpreting this category because it includes polycarbonate a dangerous plastic but it also includes the new, safer, biodegradable bio-based plastics made from renewable resources such as corn and potato starch and sugar cane. The first major study of health effects on humans associated with bisphenol A exposure was published in September 2008 by Iain Lang and colleagues in the Journal of American Association. There are various cycles which happen regularly between environment and living things to maintain the natures balance. The Yamuna River, which flows 855 miles from the Himalayas into the Ganges, is one of Indias most, but not only, polluted river.
For instance, a Protocol on Integrated Coastal Zone Management was approved in January 2008, involving 21 countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea, as well as the European Union. Of Microbiology at the National University of Ireland, but both apply only to styrene compounds. Seventy percent of the mass eventually sinks, damaging life on the seabed. There, Charles Moore saw an ocean he had never known. But while they cannot be seen, those pieces are still there and are still plastic. It took at first a magnifying-glass to see the true extent of plastic damage in the North Pacific.
One of the researchers stated: Even at 30 degrees Celsius, the plastic decomposes. Nationally A strict Chinese limit on ultra-thin plastic bags significantly reduced bag-related pollution nationwide during the past year. These findings, published in the Marine Pollution Bulletin, were based on samples gathered from 30 beaches in 17 countries. All the essay on environment are written very simply so that students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, etc can easily learn and successfully use in exam or essay writing competition. Following Essay on Environment are written using very simple word and easy to understand English Language so that your children can easy understand. This past August a different study, from a group of oceanography students from Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO ucsd, accompanied by the international organization Project Kaiseis team, embarked on two vessels, New Horizon and, kaisei, through the North Pacific. In fact, hes added a fourth R to the ecologists classic mantra of reduce, reuse, recycle: refuse. Photo source: photobucket Around and around, worldwide, at distant seas, or merely bobbing among the waves before washing up ultimately on shore, a daily and ever too common plastic spectacle is unveiled: bottles, plastic bags, fishnets, clothing, lighters, tires, polystyrene.