Today, Pakistan is the 6th most populous country in the World. 389.) calculated the effects of population growth upon economic development in India. People feel pride to have a large family. He thinks to have more children to be more earning hands. Its position in fibers is comparatively strong, and in food grains it has normally good surpluses of wheat.
A large influx of Afghani refugees (nearly 3 million and an interminable hostility with neighboring India puts an enormous burden on Pakistans faltering economy. Population growth negative consequences falls greatly on the poor as they are the ones who are made landless, suffer first from cuts in government provide health and education services. More demand results in more prices and inflation in the country. Domestic savings are. (The two countries reached an agreement in 1960, the Indus Waters Treaty, regarding the distribution of waters). Provision of Credit Facilities Government should provide the easy credit facilities to population to adjust the existing population in economic activities. Shabbir Ahmad (2009 In Pakistan 83 depends upon the agricultural sector for their living and the increase in population results that the number of acres per person has diminished. Meneu and Climent (2003) studied the relationship for Spanish economy between demographic economic variables for the year. When population problems of pakistan essay in country, the size of pollution overcome the size of available resources, than the country is called over populated.
Urdu, adopted as the national language, was essentially brought by the immigrants from India at the time of partition and grafted on the new nation, although it claims only.6 percent of the population. Advertisements: Bangladeshs secession lifted the burdens imposed by this awkward political geography from the shoulders of Pakistan. Vicious circle of poverty is also a symbol of over population. Since independence it has grown enormously and now contains manufacturing plants such as textile mills, and sugar processing. Political separation based on the concentrations of Muslims and non-Muslims defy several facts of physical and economic geography. 4 of GDP during 2010-11. Shahzad e tal population problems of pakistan essay (2009) examined the relationship between economic growth for the Pakistan Economy and demographic variable for the time period. Joint Family System There is competition among the family member in accordance with the family size in joint family system.
Over population also creates a problem of transportation because Govt. On the other end, as the per captia income in Urban society increases the race for higher standard of living increases more rapidly causing the gap to widen resulting the poor to have a huge family to support the living-hood. The most of the effect of Unemployment rate is bear by the poor population in an economy because they are the ones who are made worse off and have fewer opportunities and no job means less survival rate. More labor is available for the productive resources. Low Saving and Low Investment The rapidly increasing population increases the expenditure of government. The Thar Desert lies in southeastern Pakistan, and is an extension of the adjacent Great Indian Desert. Inefficient Population Dependency ratio is very high in our county. These tendencies have tended to sap the already fragile democracy. This will provide the true picture of the economy, resources and population growth rate.
Population growth encourages competition In the business activities as population increases the potential market size increases and new entrepreneurs enter the market to set business. Nearly one-eighth of the labor force is employed in manufacturing, although it accounts for a little less than one-fifth of the countrys gross domestic product. Illiteracy Due to lack of education, population problems of pakistan essay people are not aware of with the economic problems caused by high birth rate. Natural gas reserves are more abundant, located mainly in Baluchistan near Sui and in the Potwar Plateau and in Sindh production is limited. Every year a large sum of money is spend on population planning programs to solve the problem of over population.
It will be helpful to decrease the fast birth rate. Mohammad Aurangzeb Majeed (2008 states that the growth of population reflects increase in the Life expectancy years. Rate of investment and employment is also very low due to low rate of savings. Low Saving Investment The rate of saving and investment of GDP are only. This study finds the broad set of methodological factors explaining the variation in population growth by the time series data sets.
Except for petroleum and gas, which provide four-fifths of all energy consumed, few other minerals are extracted. Early Marriages The marriages take place usually between 16 to 22 years of age in Pakistan. Increase in Employment More employment opportunities must be provided to the young, talented, trained and educated population. Low per capita income shows population explosion. Compares India with High-fertility areas differing in size, low income, general strategy of development. The two wings of Pakistan were linked by long and costly air-routes across northern India or by the slow sea route of nearly 3,000 miles (4,827 km) around southern India and Sri Lanka. Overpopulation also creates a housing problem because given. . The study paper states that population growth doesnât really impact the economic growth performance but other factors like age distribution. 17 population take part in economic activities and other. Overpopulation creates air, water noise pollution in the environment in this way, badly effects the environment in this way, badly effects the environment.
At present value of deficit in balance of payment. Physical Features: The core area of this essentially desert country is traversed by the Indus and its tributaries, forming an alluvial lowland except in the north and west where mountains and plateaus flank its frontiers with Afghanistan and Iran. Bivariate Causality test was run for the variables. There is one operating nuclear power station near Karachi. Julian Simon (1996) studies the relationship for the developing countries and states that there exists a positive relationship between population growth and economic development. Unemployment rate of a country affects the GDP in a direct or indirect way. The rate of saving. Unemployment Unemployment is also a symbol of over population. Pollution There is not any effective system to control the pollution. Per capita income in Pakistan is 1254. Initially, most manufacturing activity consisted of the processing of agricultural raw materials, like establishment of cotton textile mills, and production of sugar, paper, tobacco and leather. Cultural Patterns: Although Islam is a cementing force in Pakistan (its official name is the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and 95 percent of the population is composed of Muslims several divisive elementslinguistic and culturalhave been a serious threat to the central administration. Backward Social Infrastructure Rapidly growing population creates economic and social problems such as housing, education, health, transport, water, power etc.
The government of Pakistan should take into account the problem of unemployment. Close to one- half of the labor-force is engaged in these activities, but these account for less than one-quarter of the gross domestic production. It is of course the need of hour to educate our masses. Pakistan has become the most populous country in the world. Urbanization Due to rural urban population problems of pakistan essay migration and lack of facilities in cities, there are many social problems.
So unemployment also generate some other obstacles like below. Some of these people have also pressed for the creation of a state that would incorporate parts of Iran and Afghanistan. The major and politically the most dominant group is that of Punjabi-speakers who predominate, the administration and form nearly 48 percent of the population. Methodology: This research paper has adopted the model of Regression analysis. If we glance through the history we find that the world has developed a lot in every field. The total population of, pakistan was.25 crore in 1947 in the former West.
But the nations current population of 152 million, growing at an annual rate.5 percent, is a serious problem. The continuous increase in the population growth in Pakistan is due to the high fertility and decrease in mortality due to rapid development in the medical field. In the 1970s and 1980s an integrated iron and steel mill was developed at Pimpri near Karachi. They used per capita income and population growth as two variables. The debate on the relationship was pointed in Malthusian population trap (1798). When ever some one is in crises and he population problems of pakistan essay really needs a job to meet his familys expenses he will do every thing to obtain a job and in this case the authorities demand black money to grant job to them. The term Over, population or, population, explosion is used to express the idea of more population for fewer resources. Since independence Pakistan made special effort to develop its industries, since most of the manufacturing plants were located in areas that went to India at the time of partitioning of the subcontinent.
Growth rate of agriculture sector. Pakistan is, in general, poor in mineral and energy resources. High Rate of Inflation There is more demand for goods due to more population. As over population is swallowing up all the economic progress made by the country so the Govt. When a country becomes overpopulated, than its rate of savings also becomes very low as a result of which there is low investment unemployment in the country which badly affects the economy. Karachi, the largest city (5.3 million and countrys only major seaport, was the first capital of Pakistan.
It also results in rapid population problems of pakistan essay population growth. Coale J; Hoover EM (Princeton University Press, 1958. Meaning more employment generation programs will be taken out. This paper has taken into account the unemployment rate to clarify the impact of population growth on economic development. Unemployment and underemployment increased in the country due to the limited productivity of the land. According to this argument, though rapid population growth rates results in additional demand for clothing, food, shelter, social services like education and health and growing employment opportunities. Each one of these independent variables has different effect on Gross Domestic Product. It results in increase in urban population.
He concludes that up to some extent population growth is good but large population puts pressure on resources within the economy. Low Living Standard population problems of pakistan essay Rising population cannot be provided the basic facilities of life in developing countries like Pakistan. By using these medicines; people will control the birth rate. Among the Pashtu speaking tribesmen forming 13 percent of Pakistans population and inhabiting mostly the Northwest Frontier Province bordering Afghanistan, a large indigenous group, inhabiting areas on both sides of the international border, many would like to establish. Advertisements: As a poor offspring of the subcontinent, Pakistan at independence in 1947 inherited a disproportionally small share of its assets, and a larger share of its liabilities; one-fifth of the area and the highways, about one- sixth of the. Death rate in 1951 was.
Rate of unemployment. It has now crossed the figure of 15 crore in 2016. Faisalabad (1.2 million an important regional commercial center in the heartland of the Punjab plains, owes its origin to the development of the canal colonies established in the early 20th century by the British. Their study found that population distribution explains as much.4.9 of GDP per capita in East Asia. The duration for re-productivity is very lengthy. The second highest peak in the world, K2, is 28,250 feet (8,611 meters) in elevation and lies in the northernmost part in the Karakoram Range. The Baluchi tribesmen, inhabiting plateaus southwest of the Northwest Frontier Province adjacent to Iran and Afghanistan and covering nearly one-third of the national territory, speak Baluchi language which, like Pushtu, is more related to Persian than to the Indo-European Punjabi. Polygamy Practice Polygamy is the condition or practice of having more than one wife at one time. High population growth stimulates consumer demand, high labor supply at cheap rate and more division of labor. Afghan Refugees An arrival of refugees from India and especially from Afghanistan is also resulting in more population. Moreover, the views in literature review reflect an open question about the effect of population on economic development as optimistic as well as pessimistic. The paper used Error correction model population problems of pakistan essay and concludes that there exists a long-tun equilibrium relationship between per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and population growth. Internally, Pakistan has had several military coups during the four decades of its existence.